Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this article shall be as follows:

(a)   BOD (denoting Biochemical Oxygen Demand) shall mean the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20 degrees centigrade, expressed in parts per million by weight.

(b)   Building Drain - shall mean that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet (1.5 meters) outside the interface of the building wall.

(c)   Building Sewer - shall mean the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.

(d)   Combined Sewer - shall mean a sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage, are not permitted.

(e)   Garbage - shall mean solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.

(f)   Industrial Wastes - shall mean the liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.

(g)   Natural Outlet - shall mean any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or groundwater.

(h)   Person - shall mean any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.

(i)    pH shall mean the logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.

(j)    Properly Shredded Garbage - shall mean the wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than ½ inch (1.28 centimeters) in any dimension.

(k)   Public Sewer -   shall mean a sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and is controlled by public authority.

(l)    Sanitary Sewer - shall mean a sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and groundwaters are not intentionally admitted.

(m)  Sewage - shall mean a combination of the water-carried wastes from residence, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface and stormwaters as may be present.

(n)   Sewage Treatment Plant - shall mean any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.

(o)   Sewage Works - shall mean all facilities for collection, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.

(p)   Sewer - shall mean a pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.

(q)   Shall - is mandatory; May - is permissive.

(r)    Slug - shall mean any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average 24 hour concentration or flow during normal operation

(s)   Storm Drain (sometimes termed storm sewer) - shall mean a sewer which carriers storm and surface wastes and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.

(t)    Superintendent - shall mean the superintendent of sewage works or the authorized deputy, agent, or representative.

(u)   Suspended Solids - shall mean solids that either float on the surface or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.

(v)   Watercourse - shall mean a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.

(Ord. 460, Art. 1)

The sewer system of the city shall be operated and managed by the superintendent of sewage works. The superintendent shall be appointed by the mayor with the consent of the city council, and shall serve until reappointment or until a successor is appointed.

(Ord. 461, Art. 1)

It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within in the city or in any area under the jurisdiction of the city, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 2)

It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the city in any area under the jurisdiction of the city, any sewage or other polluted wastes, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 2)

Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 2)

The owner of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human employment, recreation, or other purposes, situated within the city and abutting on any street, alley, or right- of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the city, is hereby required at his or her expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article, within 90 days after date of official notice to do so, provided that the public sewer is within 100 feet of the property line. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 2)

Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of 15-306, the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the provisions of this article. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 3)

A Sewer permit and inspection fee of $75 for a new construction sewer tap and a $25 fee for repair shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed.  If a permit is not obtained by the owner, the charge to connect to the City Sewer system will be $100.  A penalty fee of $150 plus associated charges will be assessed if work is completed without a city inspection.  If an after-hour or weekend inspection is required, an additional fee of $100 will be charged.

(Ord. 606, Sec. 1; Ord. 660, Sec. 4; Ord. 735, Sec. 4; Ord. 760; Ord. 849; Code 2015)

A permit for a private sewage disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the superintendent. He or she shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction and in any event, the applicant for the permit shall notify the clerk or the superintendent when the work is ready for final inspection and before any underground portions are covered. The inspection shall be made within 24 hours of the receipt of notice by the superintendent. 

(Ord. 606, Sec. 2; Code 2007)

The type, capacities, location and layout of a private sewage disposal system shall comply with all recommendations   and requirements of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment.  No septic tank or cesspool shall be permitted to discharge to any natural outlet. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 3)

At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal, as provided in Section 15-307, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer within 60 days in compliance with this article, and any septic tanks, cesspools and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be abandoned and filled with gravel or dirt.

(Ord. 460, Art. 3)

The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the city. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 3)

No statement contained within in this article shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the health officer. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 3)

No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the superintendent. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

There shall be two classes of building sewer permits:

(a)   For residential and commercial service, and

(b)   For service to establishments producing industrial wastes.

In either case, the owner or their agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the city.  The permit application shall be supplemented by duplicate plans, specifications, or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the superintendent. A, permit and inspection fee of $225.00 for a residential or commercial building sewer permit and $225.00 for an industrial building sewer permit, shall be paid to the city at the time the application is filed.

(Ord. 606, Sec. 3; Code 2007)

All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the city from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building; except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court yard, or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the superintendent to meet all requirements of this article. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

(a)   The building sewer shall be constructed with SOR 35 that meets ASTM requirements or Schedule 40 PVC that meets ASTM requirements. All joints shall be primed and glued. The system shall be tight and waterproof. No building sewers shall be located within 16 feet of a water service pipe; provided, however, if there is no other alternative, the sewer line may be within 10 feet of a water service pipe if it is encased in concrete.

(b)   The size and slope of the building sewer shall be subject to approval of the superintendent, but in no event shall the diameter be less than four or six inches. The slope of such six inch pipe shall not be less than one-eighth inch per foot. If four inch pipe is allowed, one-fourth inch per foot slope shall be minimum for that size connection.

(Ord. 460, Art. 4; Ord. 606, Sec. 4; Code 2007)

(a)   Whenever possible the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. No building sewer shall be laid parallel to or within three feet of any bearing wall, which might therefore be weakened. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. The building sewer shall be laid on uniform grade and in straight alignment insofar as possible.  Changes in direction shall be made with properly curved pipe and fittings.

(b)   In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged into the building sewer. The use of any pumping equipment for which cross connections of a public water supply system are needed is prohibited.

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

All excavation required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open trench work unless otherwise approved by the superintendent. Pipe (laying and backfill shall be performed in accordance with ASTM specifications (C12-19) except that no backfill shall be placed until the work has been inspected.

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

The connection of a building sewer into the public sewer shall be made at a wye branch, if such branch is available at a suitable location. If a wye branch is not available, the connection to the sewer main must meet the following conditions:

Six inch line. In a six inch line a wye shall be set for such connection.

Four inch line. A tap shall be made and a saddle used for a four inch connection into any main eight inches or larger in diameter. The tap shall be made with the appropriate size hole saw with integral pilot bit. The saddle supplied by the contractor shall be installed per the manufacturer’s standards and approved by the sewer superintendent.  The connections must be made above the flow line.

In all new construction and any reconstruction, the following conditions must be the to the satisfaction of the sewer superintendent:

(a)   All sewers will be required to have a back-flow device installed.

(b)   All sewers will have the necessary clean-outs installed. These clean-outs will be waterproof.

(Ord. 606, Sec. 5; Code 2007)

The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the superintendent when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the superintendent or a designated representative. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

All excavations for the building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways, and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the city.

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, interior and exterior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.

(Ord. 460, Art. 4)

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage including interior and exterior foundation drains, uncontaminated cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined sewers or storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the superintendent. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, on approval of the city clerk or the superintendent to a storm sewer, combined sewer or natural outlet.

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:

(a)   Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel, oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.

(b)   Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant, including, but not limited to cyanides in excess of two mg/1 as CN in the wastes as discharged to the public sewer.

(c)   Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.

(d)   Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works such as, but not limited to ashes, cinder, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshing, entrails and paper dishes, cups, mild containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the superintendent that such wastes can harm either the sewers, sewage treatment process, or equipment, have an adverse effect on the receiving stream, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property, or constitute a nuisance. In forming his or her opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the superintendent will give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plan, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, and other pertinent factors.  The substances prohibited are:

(a)   Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150 °F (65°C).

(b)   Any water or wastes containing fats, wax, grease, or oils whether emulsified or not, in excess of 100 mg/1 or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32 and 150 °F (0 and 65° C).

(c)   Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of 3/4 horsepower (.076 hp metric) or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the superintendent.

(d)   Any waters or wastes containing strong acid pickling wastes, or concentrated plating solutions whether neutralized or not.

(e)   Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc and similar objectionable or toxic substances, or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the superintendent for such materials.

(f)   Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste or odor producing substances in such concentrations exceeding limits which may be established by the superintendent as necessary, after treatment of the composite sewage, to meet the requirements of the state, federal or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.

(g)   Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the superintendent in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.

(h)   Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.

(i)    Materials which exert or cause:

(1)   Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids (such as, but not limited to, Fullers earth, lime slurries, and lime residues) or of dissolved solids (such as, but not limited to, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate).

(2)   Excessive discoloration (such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions).

(3)   Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand, or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works.

(4)   Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting “slugs” as defined herein.

(j)    Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed, or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.

(k)   Any waters or wastes having:

(1)   A five-day BOD greater than 300 parts per million by weight, or

(2)   Containing more than 300 parts per million by weight or suspended solids; or

(3)   Having an average daily flow greater than two percent of the average sewage flow of the city, shall be subject to the review of the superintendent. Where necessary, in the opinion of the superintendent, the owner shall provide, at his or her expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to:

(A)  Reduce the BOD demand to 300 parts per million by weight, or

(B)  Reduce the suspended solids to 300 parts per million by weight, or

(C)  Control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the superintendent and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until the approvals are obtained in writing.

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

If any waters or wastes are discharged, or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in Section 15-329 and which in the judgment of the superintendent may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment, or receiving waters, or would otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the superintendent may:

(a)   Reject the wastes;

(b)   Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;

(c)   Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or,

(d)   Require payment to cover the added cost of handling and treating the wastes not covered by existing taxes or user charges under the provisions of Section 15-335 of this article.

Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information related to the proposed preliminary treatment facility shall be submitted for approval of the superintendent and Kansas State Department of Health and Environment. No construction of such facilities shall be commenced until such set of approvals are obtained in writing.

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand, or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the administrator and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are required or permitted for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in a satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his or her expense. 

(Ord. 460; Art. 5)

When required by the superintendent, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer, to facilitate observation, sampling, and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located, and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the superintendent. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his or her expense and shall be maintained by him or her so as to be safe and accessible at all times.

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this article shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition bf Standard Methods for the Examination   of Water and Wastewater, published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided, or upon suitable samples taken at the control manhole.  In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of the constituents upon the sewage works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb, and property. (The particular analyses involved will determine whether a 24 hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken.   Normally, but not always, BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from 24-hour composites of all outfalls whereas pH’s are determined from periodic grab samples.)

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

No statement contained in this article shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the city and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the city for treatment, subject to payment therefore, by the industrial concern. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 5)

No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently, break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the sewage works.   No person shall, upon partial or complete demolition or removal of any building, allow an open sewer to remain unsealed; any such sewer must be reported to the city superintendent or sewer superintendent for inspection to insure that the sewer is properly sealed.

(Ord. 606, Sec. 6; Code 2007)

The superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the city bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article. The superintendent or his or her representatives shall have no authority to inquire into any processes including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, ceramic, paper, or other industries beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 7)

While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in Section 15-337 above, the superintendent or duly authorized employees of the city shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company and the company shall be held harmless for injury or death to the city employees and the city shall indemnify the company against loss or damage to its property by city employees and against liability claims and demands for personal injury or property damage asserted against the company and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the company to maintain safe conditions as required in Section 15-333. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 7)

The superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the city bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the city holds a duly negotiated easement for the purposes of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the sewage works lying within the easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on the easement shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.

(Ord. 460, Art. 7)

(a)   Any person found to be violating any provisions of this article, except Section 15-336, shall be served by the city with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.

(b)   Any person who shall continue any violation beyond the time limit provided for in the subsection (a) above, shall be guilty of a violation of this article and on conviction thereof shall be fined in an amount not exceeding $100 for each violation. Each 24 hour period in which any such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense.

(c)   Any person violating any of the provisions of this article shall become liable to the city for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned by the city by reason of such violation. 

(Ord. 460, Art. 8)